Animal Reproduction (AR)
Animal Reproduction (AR)
Conference Paper

A historical perspective of embryo-related technologies in South America

João Henrique Moreira Viana, Ana Cristina Silva Figueiredo, Romany Louise Ribeiro Gonçalves, Luiz Gustavo Bruno Siqueira

Downloads: 0
Views: 71


Livestock production is of great importance for the economy of most South American countries, a region that accounts for 23.0% of the world cattle population (Food Agriculture Organization - FAO, 2017). Not surprisingly, the embryo industry is historically very active in this region, particularly in Argentina and Brazil. The field of bovine embryo transfer underwent a remarkable change in the past two decades in Brazil, mainly due to in vitro embryo production (IVEP). Total embryo production increased dramatically, along with constant changes in the main features of the embryo industry – from market niches to mass production, from beef to the dairy sector, from zebu to European breeds. Recently, IVEP has also emerged in other South American countries. This review summarizes and describes factors driving the changes in the Brazilian embryo industry and discusses some of the impacts upon other embryo-related technologies.


cattle, cloning, in vitro fertilization, statistics, superovulation.


Alomar M, Tasiaux H, Remacle S, George F, Paul D, Donnay I. 2008. Kinetics of fertilization and development, and sex ratio of bovine embryos produced using the semen of different bulls. Anim Reprod Sci, 107:48-61.

Associação Brasileira dos Criadores de Zebu (ABCZ). 2017. Estatísticas. Available on:

Baruselli PS, Ferreira RM, Sales JN, Gimenes LU, Sá Filho MF, Martins CM, Rodrigues CA, Bó GA. 2011. Timed embryo transfer programs for management of donor and recipient cattle. Theriogenology, 76:1583-1593.

Baruselli PS, Sales JNS, Sala RV, Vieira LM, Sa Filho MF. 2012. History evolution and perspectives of timed artificial insemination programs in Brazil. Anim Reprod, 9:139-152.

Bó GA, Peres LC, Cutaia LE, Pincinato D, Baruselli PS, Mapletoft RJ. 2011. Treatments for the synchronisation of bovine recipients for fixed-time embryo transfer and improvement of pregnancy rates. Reprod Fertil Dev, 24:272-277.

Camargo LS, Freitas C, de Sa WF, de Moraes Ferreira A, Serapiao RV, Viana JH. 2010. Gestation length, birth weight and offspring gender ratio of in vitro-produced Gyr (Bos indicus) cattle embryos. Anim Reprod Sci, 120:10-15.

Cánepa MJ, Ortega NM, Monteleone MC, Mucci N, Kaiser GG, Brocco M, Mutto A. 2014. Expression profile of genes as indicators of developmental competence and quality of in vitro fertilization and somatic cell nuclear transfer bovine embryos. PLoS One, 9:e108139. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108139.

Chavatte-Palmer P, Camous S, Jammes H, Le Cleac'h N, Guillomot M, Lee RS. 2012. Review: Placental perturbations induce the developmental abnormalities often observed in bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer. Placenta, 33:S99-S104.

Chen Z, Hagen DE, Elsik CG, Ji T, Morris CJ, Moon LE, Rivera RM. 2015. Characterization of global loss of imprinting in fetal overgrowth syndrome induced by assisted reproduction. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 112:4618-4623.

Faber DC, Molina JA, Ohlrichs CL, Vander Zwaag DF, Ferré LB. 2003. Commercialization of animal biotechnology. Theriogenology, 59:125-138.

Farin PW, Piedrahita JA, Farin CE. 2006. Errors in development of fetuses and placentas from in vitro-produced bovine embryos. Theriogenology, 65:178-191.

Food Agriculture Organization (FAO). 2017. Cattle inventory. Available on: faostat/en/ #data/QA.

Galli C, Crotti G, Notari C, Turini P, Duchi R, Lazzari G. 2001. Embryo production by ovum pick up from live donors. Theriogenology, 55:1341-1357.

Galli C, Duchi R, Crotti G, Turini P, Ponderato N, Colleoni S, Lagutina I, Lazzari G. 2003. Bovine embryo technologies. Theriogenology, 59:599-616.

Gordon IR. 2003. Laboratory Production of Cattle Embryos (Biotechnology in Agriculture). 2nd rev ed. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.

Hansen PJ, Block J. 2004. Towards an embryocentric world: the current and potential uses of embryo technologies in dairy production. Reprod Fertil Dev, 16:1-14.

Lonergan P, Fair T, Corcoran D, Evans AC. 2006. Effect of culture environment on gene expression and developmental characteristics in IVF-derived embryos. Theriogenology, 65:137-152.

Lonergan P, Fair T. 2008. In vitro-produced bovine embryos: dealing with the warts. Theriogenology, 69:17-22.

Meirelles FV, Birgel EH, Perecin F, Bertolini M, Traldi AS, Pimentel JR, Komninou ER, Sangalli JR, Neto PF, Nunes MT, Pogliani FC, Meirelles FD, Kubrusly FS, Vannucchi CI, Silva LC. 2010. Delivery of cloned offspring: experience in Zebu cattle (Bos indicus). Reprod Fertil Dev, 22:88-97.

Pellegrino CA, Morotti F, Untura RM, Pontes JH, Pellegrino MF, Campolina JP, Seneda MM, Barbosa FA, Henry M. 2016. Use of sexed sorted semen for fixed-time artificial insemination or fixed-time embryo transfer of in vitro-produced embryos in cattle. Theriogenology, 86:888-893.

Perry G. 2013. 2012 statistics of embryo collection and transfer in domestic farm animals. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 31(4):24-46.

Perry G. 2014. 2013 statistics of embryo collection and transfer in domestic farm animals. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 32(4):14-24.

Perry G. 2015. 2014 statistics of embryo collection and transfer in domestic farm animals. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 33(4):9-18.

Perry G. 2016. 2015 statistics of embryo collection and transfer in domestic farm animals. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 34(4):10-24.

Perry G. 2017. 2016 statistics of embryo collection and transfer in domestic farm animals. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 35(4):8-23.

Pontes JH, Silva KC, Basso AC, Rigo AG, Ferreira CR, Santos GM, Sanches BV, Porcionato JP, Vieira PH, Faifer FS, Sterza FA, Schenk JL, Seneda MM. 2010. Large-scale in vitro embryo production and pregnancy rates from Bos taurus, Bos indicus, and indicus-taurus dairy cows using sexed sperm. Theriogenology, 74:1349-1355.

Pontes JH, Melo Sterza FA, Basso AC, Ferreira CR, Sanches BV, Rubin KC, Seneda MM. 2011. Ovum pick up, in vitro embryo production, and pregnancy rates from a large-scale commercial program using Nelore cattle (Bos indicus) donors. Theriogenology, 75:1640-1646.

Rodriguez-Martinez H. 2012. Assisted reproductive techniques for cattle breeding in developing countries: a critical appraisal of their value and limitations. Reprod Domest Anim, 47:21-26.

Rubessa M, Boccia L, Campanile G, Longobardi V, Albarella S, Tateo A, Zicarelli L, Gasparrini B. 2011. Effect of energy source during culture on in vitro embryo development, resistance to cryopreservation and sex ratio. Theriogenology, 76:1347-1355.

Rubin MIB. 2005. Twenty years history of the Brazilian Embryo Technology Society (1985-2005). Acta Sci Vet, 33:35-54.

Sartori R, Prata AB, Figueiredo ACS, Sanches BV, Pontes GCS, Viana JHM, Pontes JH, Vasconcelos JLM, Pereira MHC, Dode MAN, Monteiro Jr PLJ, Baruselli PS. 2016. Update and overview on assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) in Brazil. Anim Reprod, 13:300-312.

Senger PL. 1994. The estrus detection problem: new concepts, technologies, and possibilities. J Dairy Sci, 77:2745-2753.

Silva JCB, Ferreira RM, Maturana Filho M, Naves JR, Santin T, Pugliesi G, Madureira EH. 2017. Use of FSH in two different regimens for ovarian superstimulation prior to ovum pick up and in vitro embryo production in Holstein cows. Theriogenology, 90:65-73.

Siqueira LG, Tribulo P, Chen Z, Denicol AC, Ortega MS, Negrón-Pérez VM, Kannampuzha-Francis J, Pohler KG, Rivera RM, Hansen PJ. 2017. Colony-stimulating factor 2 acts from days 5 to 7 of development to modify programming of the bovine conceptus at day 86 of gestation. Biol Reprod, 96:743-757. doi: 10.1093/biolre/iox018.

Smeaton DC, Harris BL, Xu ZZ, Vivanco WH. 2003. Factors affecting commercial application of embryo technologies in New Zealand: a modelling approach. Theriogenology, 59:617-634.

Stroud B. 2011. The year 2010 worldwide statistics of embryo transfer in domestic farm animals. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 29(4):12-23.

Stroud B. 2012. The year 2011 worldwide statistics of embryo transfer in domestic farm animals. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 30(4):16-26.

Thibier M. 1998. The 1997 Embryo Transfer Statistics from Around the World. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 18(4):24-28.

Thibier M. 2003. More than half a million bovine embryos transferrred in 2002. Embryo Transfer Newsl, 21(4):12-19.

Thibier M. 2005. The zootechnical applications of biotechnology in animal reproduction: current methods and perspectives. Reprod Nutr Dev, 45:235-242.

Urrego R, Rodriguez-Osorio N, Niemann H. 2014. Epigenetic disorders and altered gene expression after use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies in domestic cattle. Epigenetics, 9:803-915.

Viana JHM, Siqueira LGB, Palhao MP, Camargo LSA. 2012. Features and perspectives of the Brazilian in vitro embryo industry. Anim Reprod, 9:12-18.

Viana JHM, Figueiredo ACS, Siqueira LGB. 2017. Brazilian embryo industry in context: pitfalls, lessons, and expectations for the future. Anim Reprod, 14:476-481.

Vieira LM, Rodrigues CA, Castro Netto A, Guerreiro BM, Silveira CR, Moreira RJ, Sá Filho MF, Bó GA, Mapletoft RJ, Baruselli PS. 2014. Superstimulation prior to the ovum pick-up to improve in vitro embryo production in lactating and non-lactating Holstein cows. Theriogenology, 82:318-324.

Watanabe YF, de Souza AH, Mingoti RD, Ferreira RM, Batista EOS, Dayan A, Watanabe O, Meirelles FV, Nogueira MFG, Ferraz JBS, Baruselli PS. 2017. Number of oocytes retrieved per donor during OPU and its relationship with in vitro embryo production and field fertility following embryo transfer. Anim Reprod, 14:635-644.

5b8fd7990e8825ff0f59a5ec animreprod Articles
Links & Downloads

Anim Reprod

Share this page
Page Sections