Animal Reproduction (AR)
https://animal-reproduction.org/article/doi/10.1590/1984-3143-AR2022-0012
Animal Reproduction (AR)
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Application of PGF at the moment of fixed-time artificial insemination in crossbred beef cows

Jéssica Cristina dos Santos Marques; Gustavo Pereira Cadima; Ana Cláudia Fagundes Faria; Eduarda Arruda Guimarães; Fabiana Silva Oliveira; Ricarda Maria dos Santos

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Abstract

Although studies have shown positive effects of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) or prostaglandin F (PGF) at the moment of fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) in the conception rate (CR) of cattle, its effects on treatments based on progesterone (P4) and estradiol benzoate (EB) is still not conclusive. The objective of this study was (1) to evaluate the effect of a PGF analogue at FTAI in the CR of crossbred beef cows submitted to a 11d FTAI protocol based on P4 and EB; and (2) to describe the CR between PGF-treated and control cows in different body condition scores (BCS) and parity categories. Crossbred (½ Nellore and ½ Angus) beef cows were submitted to a synchronization protocol and randomly assigned into 2 groups: Control (n = 163), at FTAI cows received 2 mL of saline solution as a placebo, and PGF (n = 163), at FTAI cows were treated with PGF analogue (10 mg of dinoprost tromethamine). Pregnancy diagnosis was performed 33d post-FTAI. Binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the effect of PGF treatment on CR. There was no difference in CR between PGF and control groups (P > 0.05; odds ratio (OR) = 0.92; confidence interval (CI) = 0.59-1.4). A greater CR was found in heifers (P = 0.0006, OR = 2.65, CI = 1.61 - 4.38) and multiparous (P = 0.0006, OR = 2.12, CI = 1.04 - 4.3) when compared to primiparous cows. Cows with low BCS (4; 9-point scale) showed lower CR when compared with moderate BCS (5-6; 9-point scale) (P < 0.05; OR = 0.10; CI = 0.06 - 0.18). There was no numerical difference on CR between PGF-treated and control cows in different BCS and parity categories. The results suggested that the CR in this study was not influenced by 10 mg PGF analogue at FTAI.

Keywords

FTAI, pregnancy, PGF, conception rate, beef cows

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Submitted date:
01/24/2022

Accepted date:
10/10/2022

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