Animal Reproduction (AR)
https://animal-reproduction.org/article/doi/10.1590/1984-3143-AR2023-0099
Animal Reproduction (AR)
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Letrozole administration effects on the P450aromatase expression and the reproductive parameters in male sheep (Ovis aries)

Antônio Francisco da Silva Lisboa Neto; Túlio Teruo Yoshinaga; Antonio de Sousa Júnior; Marcílio Nichi; Alejandro Esteller-Vico; Antônio Chaves de Assis Neto

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Abstract

Letrozole comprises a non-steroid aromatase inhibitor that has been applied as a preventive for many uses, such as breast cancer prevention, treatment of hormonal dysfunction, and male infertility. Precisely in Northeast Brazil, ovine consist of the leading livestock produced, and their reproduction in captivity has been demonstrated difficult. Thus, we hypothesized whether the application of letrozole will improve male sheep reproduction. One group of 6 animals received a daily dosage of 0.5mg/Kg of letrozole for 60 days, while the other six animals were used as control. Samples were collected from control and treated animals after 30 and 60 days of the experiment. Blood samples were collected to measure the steroid hormone levels. Semen was collected from control and treated groups using an artificial vagina and cryopreserved for spermatozoa morphology and CASA analysis. The testicles were collected for histological analysis, gene expression, and immunohistochemistry of P450aromatase protein. Hormone levels demonstrate no differences in the estradiol/testosterone levels among the control and both treated groups. Immunohistochemistry analysis revealed the presence of P450aromatase protein in spermatogonia cells and Leydig cells in the control and treated groups in both periods analyzed. Moreover, there were no differences in the P450aromase gene expression in the control and treated group. Morphological analysis of the spermatozoa revealed that letrozole treatment did not affect mitochondrial activity or cause any deformities. In addition, motility parameters in the sperm from the treated group were not affected by letrozole treatment compared to the control group. Morphological analysis of the testis demonstrated that letrozole treatment increase the seminiferous tubule area but no signs of germ cell damage. Our results show that letrozole has a morphological effect on the testicles in the ovine model but no pathological or severe effect caused by hormone level imbalance. Overall, letrozole comprises a non-steroid aromatase inhibitor, which can be applied to ovine reproduction.

Keywords

steroidogenesis, estradiol, testosterone, aromatase inhibitors, male reproduction

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Submitted date:
06/25/2023

Accepted date:
10/24/2023

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