Animal Reproduction (AR)
Animal Reproduction (AR)
Original Article

Powdered coconut water (ACP 406®) as an alternative base culture medium for in vitro culture of goat preantral follicles enclosed in ovarian tissue

Olga Juliana Roldan Castañeda; Francisco Léo Nascimento de Aguiar; Naiza Arcângela Ribeiro de Sá; Maria Luana Galdencio dos Santos Morais; Francielli Weber Santos Cibin; Ciro Alexandre Alves Torres; José Ricardo de Figueiredo

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Abstract: This study evaluated a powdered coconut water solution (ACP 406®) as a base culture medium on the in vitro survival and development of in situ goat preantral follicles. The ovarian fragments were either immediately fixed in Carnoy solution (non-cultured control) or individually cultured for 2 or 6 days. The following culture media (all containing 100 μg/mL penicillin and 100 μg/mL streptomycin) were evaluated: α-MEM (α-MEM alone, without additional supplementation); α-MEM+ (supplemented α-MEM); ACP (ACP®406 alone); or ACP+ (supplemented ACP®406). Additional supplementation includes: 1.25 mg/mL bovine serum albumin, 10 μg/mL insulin, 5.5 μg/mL transferrin, 5 ng/mL selenium, 2 mM glutamine, and 2 mM hypoxanthine. The endpoints (i) follicular morphology; (ii) development; (iii) estradiol production; and (iv) reactive oxygen species (ROS) were recorded. Data were analyzed using chi-square, Turkey, t-test or One-Way ANOVA. Differences were considered significant when P < 0.05. At day 2 of culture, a greater (P < 0.05) percentage of morphologically normal follicles was observed between ACP+ and ACP treatments. Moreover, at day 2 of culture, no hormonal difference (P < 0.05) was observed between ACP+ and both α-MEM treatments. At day 6 of culture when ACP and α-MEM treatments were compared the percentage of healthy follicles were similar (P > 0.05) among treatments. Overall, all treatments had lower primordial follicles (P < 0.05) accompany by greater developing follicles (P < 0.05) percentages than non-cultured control treatment, indicating primordial follicle activation. However, at day 6 of culture, the percentage of primordial follicle development were similar (P > 0.05) among the treatments. Likewise, no differences (P > 0.05) were observed for ROS production and follicular and oocyte diameters among treatments. Therefore, ACP+ has the equivalent efficiency to MEM+ in maintaining the survival and development of goat preantral follicles, representing an alternative plant-based low-cost culture medium for in vitro culture.


ACP, base medium, goat, in vitro culture, preantral follicles


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