Animal Reproduction (AR)
Animal Reproduction (AR)
Original Article

Factors affecting gestational length in the Mangalarga Paulista breed

J.R.M. Ferreira, M.G. Meirelles, C.F. Guimarães, M.A. Alonso, M. Nichi, C.B. Fernandes

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The Mangalarga Paulista is a Brazilian horse breed that originated from a cross between Andalusian and Alter Real horses, and despite its national importance, no data exist regarding their gestational length. This study was conducted to determine the variation in gestation length and the influence of factors such as the sex of the foal, maternal age and parity, stallion and mating period. Retrospectively, data from 208 gestations of Mangalarga Paulista foals located in Piracaia, SP, Brazil, during the period from 1991 to 2012 were analyzed. The mean gestational length was 343.08 ± 0.66 days, with a range between 317 and 404 days. Gestation of mares carrying colts had a tendency to be longer than mares carrying fillies. Maternal parity significantly affected gestational length, with longer gestation for primiparous mares until the third gestation, shorter pregnancies between 4th and 8th gestation, and longer thereafter. Regarding mating period, mares that were mated at the end of the breeding season (January and February) had shorter pregnancies (P < 0.05). These results are of significant clinical and economic relevance for the equine industry, so that the monitoring of gestation and parturition can be performed effectively.


age, mare, parity, pregnancy
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